Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here. Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication and required different punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses and colons after issue numbers. In the current version, punctuation is simpler only commas and periods separate the elementsand information about the source is kept to the basics. End this element with a period.
In addition to this paper, the DTD has also developed more detailed "focus" papers that share insights and best practices for various specific challenges such as mission command and cross-domain synergy, assessments, CCIR development and reporting, and lethal and nonlethal integration observed at joint headquarters.
All of these papers are unclassified for broad accessibility. Perspectives on Changing National Security Institutions local copyby DiBella, in Joint Force Quarterly, 2nd quarter The question remains as to what images will best fit national security organizations in an age that contains both evolving asymmetric threats and the potential for traditional threats.
Do we shift from a machine to a network or do we alter the properties of the machine? Either way generates change, but one could argue that only the former represents true transformation. The larger question is how we make such a transformation. Given the political context of our national security apparatus, a dialectic framing of the task ahead seems appropriate.
That means enlarging our capacity to resolve conflict. Both the opacity and multiplicity of organization theory contribute to the challenge of working in an interagency or joint environment. It is best to recognize that in those contexts military leaders and civilian managers will have diverse and potentially contradictory views about what organizations are and how they can be changed.
Many of us are barely aware of our own theories much less those held by our counterparts who lead other organizations in an interagency or joint context. That's not just the distant hope of open-source fans, it's the vision of James Stavridis, a highly accomplished Navy Admiral.
Stavridis shares vivid moments from recent military history to explain why security of the future should be built with bridges rather than walls. A Navy Admiral's thoughts on global security"] On Military Theory local copyby Vego, in Joint Force Quarterly, 3rd quarter All too often, the critical importance of military theory either is not well understood or is completely ignored by many officers.
A reason for this is their apparent lack of knowledge and understanding of the relationship between theory and practice and the real purpose of military theory. Many officers are also contemptuous of theory because they overemphasize the importance of technology Military Theory, Strategy, and Praxis local copyby Kipp and Grau, Military Review, Mar-Apr The enemy will always have a vote.
Praxis attempts to make it an insignificant one. Theory and strategy should be about the ends, ways, and means to counter that enemy and adapt to his changes.
Praxis should direct future strategic choices, and technology should enhance the conduct of political and military conflict.
Ministry of Defence Joint Doctrine Pub 04, UnderstandingDec Understanding provides the context for the decision-making process which informs the application of national power.
The purpose of understanding is to equip decision-makers at all levels with the insight and foresight required to make effective decisions as well as manage the associated risks and second and subsequent order effects. The human domain concerns the interaction between human actors, their activity and their broader environment.
It is defined as the totality of the human sphere of activity or knowledge. This broad environment is shaped by 4 principal factors: The human domain framework considers these 4 areas as environments cultural, institutional, technological and physical to capture the interaction between human actors and their wider environment.
Actors must be set within their cultural, institutional, technological and physical environments to provide the appropriate context for developing understanding. Most military organizations and their leaders attempt to impose prewar conceptions on the war they are fighting rather than adapting their assumptions to reality.
They adapt only after great losses in men and national treasure. Effective military organizations adapt their prewar assumptions and concepts to reality.
This inherent tension between the creation of disciplined, obedient military organizations, responsive to direction from above, and the creation of organizations adaptive to a world of constant change makes military innovation in peacetime and adaptation in war so difficult.
Be skeptical of systems analysis, computer models, game theories, or doctrines that suggest otherwise. On Metaphors We Are Led By local copyby Paparone, in Military Review, Nov-Dec With the clever and often hidden use of metaphors, the most effective thought leaders indoctrinate others to grasp and communicate the intractable or instrutable.
This essay proposes a framework that can help military practitioners judge the appropriate use of metaphor and be more reflective about how indoctrination can work to shape their "sensemaking" in important ways.
The Militant Ideology Atlased. This is the first systematic mapping of the ideology inspiring al-Qaeda. The empirically supported findings of the project are surprising: Among them, the Jordanian cleric Abu Muhammad al-Maqdisi has had the most impact on other Jihadi thinkers and has been the most consequential in shaping the worldview of the Jihadi Movement.
In contrast, the study finds that Usama Bin Ladin and Ayman al-Zawahiri have had little influence on other Jihadi theorists and strategists. Transition to the Information Age Demands Improvements to Professional Military Education System local copyCongressman Ike Skelton press release, 28 Sep 05 Imagine what might happen if a Rembrandt received a box of 16 crayons, and an average Joe was given a full palette of oil paints, easel, and canvas.
Which one is more likely to produce a work of art? I think we forget that sometimes in the realm of warfare.The next day’s wedding re-enactment was to be held at the base of the original mud-walled chapel where Pocahontas wed John Rolfe on April 5, — years later to the date. Aug 09, · Best Answer: Hi, Tomorrow, When the War Began John Marsden's novel Tomorrow, When the War Began' identifies, that some people's reactions change when they are faced with difficult situations.
These situations can bring out the leadership skills of some characters in the book, the courage which they posses Status: Resolved. However, if you are discussing, for example, the historical context in which the episode originally aired, you should cite the full date.
Because you are specifying the date of airing, you would then use WB Television Network (rather than Mutant Enemy), because it was the network (rather than the production company) that aired the episode on the date you’re citing.
The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue. This article is written by Greg Costikyan. The opinions expressed are his alone, and no other person or organization should be deemed in any way responsible for their expression here.
The Energy Racket. By Wade Frazier. Revised in June Introduction and Summary. A Brief Prehistory of Energy and Life on Earth.
Early Civilization, Energy and the Zero-Sum Game.