This is the rd and final installment in the series. It seemed as if they must go on forever. The day became a smiling dream.
The Cunard liner was once a luxury ship, hastily converted to a troopship.
Now the passengers were 2, people, mostly Italian prisoners of war guarded by Polish troops, along with dozens of injured British soldiers and other military personnel and 87 women and children — mainly families of servicemen.
The Laconia was on its way from Egypt to Britain navigating around the Cape of Good Hope because the Mediterranean was too dangerous, being controlled by the Axis powers. By September 12, the Laconia was roughly miles south of Freetown, the British naval port in Sierra Leone, and miles north-east of Ascension Island.
The liner was now rather shabby and in need of maintenance. Its hull was festooned in barnacles that slowed it down, and its funnel belched black smoke which was visible for miles. Captain Sharp was painfully aware that his vessel, sailing without a convoy and with only a few guns, was vulnerable to a U-boat attack.
But many of the passengers, relieved to be going home, had begun to relax, despite the regular lifeboat drills. In the cabin she shared with her parents and ten-year-old brother, Alec, year-old Josephine Frame was climbing onto the top bunk as her parents were leaving the cabin to go to a dance in the ballroom upstairs.
The ship rocked violently. Then another terrible explosion and the ship began listing to its starboard side. The Laconia had been struck by two torpedoes, one at 8. They had been fired by a German submarine, U, part of a U-boat wolf pack hunting for Allied ships.
Hitler was determined to prevent the build-up of men and munitions in Britain that would enable the Allies to invade Occupied Europe. His U-boat captains had orders to sink any ships carrying troops or armaments.
Captain Werner Hartenstein of U had sighted the Laconia earlier that day. A U-boat ace, he had already sunk just short oftonnes of Allied shipping during the war.
By sinking the 20,tonne Laconia, he would reach that total, making him eligible for the German military award, the Ritterkreuz. But the events of the coming days were to prove that Captain Hartenstein was far from a ruthless Nazi killing machine.
Indeed, in one of the most extraordinary episodes of World War II, he was about to emerge as a very unlikely hero. The story of the Laconia incident, as it became known, has been made into a drama, as well as a documentary, to be shown on BBC2 for the next three nights. It portrays some German submariners, not as the callous monsters of British wartime propaganda, but as courageous, humane men whose behaviour contrasted starkly with that of some of our allies.
For the remaining survivors of that terrible night, the events remain painfully clear nearly 70 years on. Josephine Frame now Pratchett, a retired teacher living in Northamptonshirerecalls the panic when the ship was hit.WOLF PACKS. The term 'wolfpack' refers to the mass-attack tactics against convoys used by German U-boats of the Kriegsmarine during the Battle of the Atlantic in World War II.
The Battle of Iwo Jima (19 February – 26 March ) was a major battle in which the U.S. Marines landed on and eventually captured the island of Iwo Jima from the Japanese Imperial Army during World War II.
The American invasion, designated Operation Detachment, had the goal of capturing the. World War 2 Submarines: World War 2 Submarine Stories And Accounts: The True Stories Of Battle Under The Dark Seas (World War 2 Technology, World War 2 Stories, World War 2 Submarine Stories) - Kindle edition by Cyrus J.
Zachary. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading World War 2. All books are in good condition or better and are hardback unless indicated. Book descriptions are as follows: fine (showing little use), very good +, very good (shows some use), good + .
(Battleship images scanned from Gibbons, "The Complete Encyclopedia of Battleships.") As some of you may recall, the first edition of this page featured a three-way race between Bismarck, Yamato and Iowa.I received quite a volume of e-mail from overseas (including some from Germany, surprise, surprise) debating various points of contention.
World War 2 Submarines: World War 2 Submarine Stories And Accounts: The True Stories Of Battle Under The Dark Seas (World War 2 Technology, World War 2 Stories, World War 2 Submarine Stories) - Kindle edition by Cyrus J.
Zachary. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading World War 2.