Cuban War of Independence The first serious bid for Cuban independence, the Ten Years' Warerupted in and was subdued by the authorities a decade later.
Photographic History of the Spanish American Warp.
The war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris on December 10, As a result Spain lost its control over the remains of its overseas empire -- Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Philippines Islands, Guam, and other islands. Background Beginning inSpain was the first European nation to sail westward across the Atlantic Ocean, explore, and colonize the Amerindian nations of the Western Hemisphere.
At its greatest extent, the empire that resulted from this exploration extended from Virginia on the eastern coast of the United States south to Tierra del Fuego at the tip of South America excluding Brazil and westward to California and Alaska. Across the Pacific, it included the Philippines and other island groups.
By much of this empire had fallen into other hands and in that year, Spain acknowledged the independence of its possessions in the present-day United States then under Mexican control and south to the tip of South America.
Cuba Following the liberation from Spain of mainland Latin America, Cuba was the first to initiate its own struggle for independence.
During the years fromCubans personified by guerrilla fighters known as mambises fought for autonomy from Spain. That war concluded with a treaty that was never enforced.
He began his political career at the University of Madrid in where he became the leader of Filipino students there. For the next ten years he traveled in Europe and wrote several novels considered seditious by Filipino and Church authorities.
He returned to Manila in and founded the Liga Filipina, a political group dedicated to peaceful change. He was rapidly exiled to Mindanao. On August 26,after learning that the Katipunan had been betrayed, Bonifacio issued the Grito de Balintawaka call for Filipinos to revolt.
Bonifacio was succeeded as head of the Philippine revolution by Emilio Aguinaldo y Famywho had his predecessor arrested and executed on May 10, Aguinaldo negotiated a deal with the Spaniards who exiled him to Hong Kong withpesos that he subsequently used to buy weapons to resume the fight.
Puerto Rico During the s and s, Puerto Ricans developed many different political parties, some of which sought independence for the island while others, headquartered like their Cuban counterparts in New York, preferred to ally with the United States.
Spain proclaimed the autonomy of Puerto Rico on November 25,although the news did not reach the island until January and a new government established on February 12, Alterations in the U. By that time the U.
But sentiment to enter the conflict grew in the United States when General Valeriano Weyler began implementing a policy of Reconcentration that moved the population into central locations guarded by Spanish troops and placed the entire country under martial law in February With its victory in the Spanish-American War the United States claimed status as a global power – and, in a relative absence of mind, it acquired something of an overseas empire.
Background. Americans had long been interested in the Spanish colony of Cuba, one of the last remnants of Spain’s once-great American empire. The immediate origins of the Spanish-American War began with the Wilson-Gorman Tariff of The American tariff, which put restrictions on sugar imports to the United States, severely hurt the economy of Cuba, which was based on producing and selling sugar.
Among Theodore Roosevelt's many lifetime accomplishments, few capture the imagination as easily as his military service as a "Rough Rider" during the Spanish-American War. America had become interested in Cuba's liberation in the s as publications portrayed the evil of Spanish Rule.
No one. Background Beginning in , Spain was the first European nation to sail westward across the Atlantic Ocean, explore, and colonize the Amerindian nations of the Western Hemisphere. Perspectives on the Spanish-American War – #1. President William McKinley’s Message to Congress April 11, [Note: Below is a brief excerpt from McKinley’s lengthy request for congressional authorization for the.
The Spanish-American War was a four-month conflict between Spain and the United States, provoked by word of Spanish colonial brutality in Cuba. Although the war was largely brought about by the efforts of U.S. expansionists, many Americans supported the idea of freeing an oppressed people controlled by the Spanish.