More Information Why the uprisings now? As explained in the Control of Resources page almost a decade earlier, the Middle East is riddled with authoritarian regimes of various kinds monarchies, dictatorships, religious republics, etc. Most of these regimes have been given legitimacy through support by the outside world, e. In some cases, potential proto-democracies emerging from a global wave of anti-colonialism were overthrown and replaced by dictators, while others were corrupted in various ways.
Gamal Mubarak Mubarak's younger son, was expected to succeed his father as the next president of Egypt in Inwith opposition increasing, Daily News Egypt reported an online campaign initiative the National Initiative against Power Inheritance demanding that Gamal reduce his power.
The campaign said, "President Mubarak and his son constantly denied even the possibility of [succession].
However, in reality they did the opposite, including amending the constitution to make sure that Gamal will be the only The arab spring paper candidate. He wielded increasing power as NDP deputy secretary general and chair of the party's policy committee.
Analysts described Mubarak's last decade in power as "the age of Gamal Mubarak". With his father's health declining and no appointed vice-president, Gamal was considered Egypt's de facto president by some.
Emergency law in Egypt Emergency law Law No. Although it was suspended for 18 months during the early s,  it has otherwise continuously been in effect since Anwar Sadat 's assassination. It limits non-governmental political activity, including demonstrationsunapproved political organizations and unregistered financial donations.
Law enforcement in Egypt According to a U. Embassy report, police brutality has been widespread in Egypt. However, claims by domestic and international groups provided cellphone videos or first-hand accounts of hundreds of cases of police brutality.
The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights documented 30 cases of torture during the year In numerous trials defendants alleged that police tortured them during questioning.
During the year activists and observers circulated some amateur cellphone videos documenting the alleged abuse of citizens by security officials.
For example, on 8 February, a blogger posted a video of two police officers, identified by their first names and last initials, sodomizing a bound naked man named Ahmed Abdel Fattah Ali with a bottle.
On 12 August, the same blogger posted two videos of alleged police torture of a man in a Port Said police station by the head of investigations, Mohammed Abu Ghazala. There was no indication that the government investigated either case.
However, pictures of Khaled's disfigured corpse from the morgue showed signs of torture.
He witnessed fellow Egyptian protesters being tortured, assaulted, and taken to undisclosed locations by police officers.
Shenker and other detainees were released after covert intervention by Ayman Nourthe father of a fellow detainee. Although opposition groups and international election-monitoring agencies charged that the elections were rigged, those agencies were not allowed to monitor elections.
The only opposition presidential candidate in recent Egyptian history, Ayman Nour, was imprisoned before the elections. Demographics of EgyptDemographic trapand Youth bulge Egyptian population pyramid in ; many people age 30 and younger, despite education, have difficulty finding work.
The population of Egypt grew from 30, in  to roughly 79, by Economy of Egypt Egypt's economy was highly centralised during the presidency of Gamal Abdel Nasserbecoming more market-driven under Anwar Sadat and Mubarak.
From to the Mubarak government pursued economic reform to attract foreign investment and increase GDP, later postponing further reforms because of the Great Recession. The international economic downturn slowed Egypt's GDP growth to 4.
Inanalysts said that the government of Prime Minister Ahmed Nazif would need to resume economic reform to attract foreign investment, increase growth and improve economic conditions.Insight Turkey, an insightful reference for turkish politics and international affairs.
Dec 17, · The Arab Spring: A Year Of Revolution A year ago, a Tunisian fruit-seller set himself on fire after being humiliated by a police officer.
The event set off uprisings across North Africa and the. Nov 23, · Opinion.
Saudi Arabia’s Arab Spring, at Last. The crown prince has big plans for his society. For the purposes of this paper, the “Arab world” consists of the nations of Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, the United An Uncertain Future: .
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Voicemail, Auto Attendant and more. Free Trials available! This sample history paper explores the Arab Spring, specifically focusing on the different challenges the Egyptian and Saudi Arabian regimes faced during the pivotal Middle Eastern movement.
The Arab Spring: Differences between Egypt and Saudi Arabia5/5(1).