East and West, Doubleday, , pp. The first was written in and the last in Since it caused some little stir the reader of this preface will perhaps have patience with me if I transcribe the working notes, made at the time, on which it was constructed. They are written in hackneyed and slipshod phrases, without grace; for nature has not endowed me with the happy gift of hitting instinctively upon the perfect word to indicate an object and the unusual but apt adjective to describe it.
Free online reading 1. This is a summary by W. Somerset Maugham himself of what critics had said about him throughout his life. But Maugham had always been a very contratictory personality, no matter whether he talked about the motive of the author or the purpose of telling a story. On the one hand he despised men who write a book because they want to make money but on the other hand he claimed that autho rs have to release what the market demands because of their financial situation.
He also kept on saying that his purpose of writing is purely for the entertainment of the reader and that his stories are not to compare with the real life. Anyhow, later he praised an author called Rudyard Kipling who is famous for expressing his criticism in his stories Green: But what was it that made W.
Somerset Maugham become a writer whose stories are queer and unusual but at the same time realistic and fascinating? I think it was the interest in people of different cultures as his travels around the whole world show and probably his gift to observe: His childhood was not as extraordinary as most of his stories.
He was born in Paris in as the youngest of six children of the solicitor to the British embassy. His parents died when he was ten years old and from then on he lived with his uncle who was a clergyman.
Later he decided to study medicine and qualified as a doctor in London but he had never practiced. Aged 91, he died in Maugham: During his journeys through the British Empire he got a lot of impressions of what life is like in the British colonies and he used it to write most of his animating short stories.
But if you want to study colonization from the historical side you will find out that you can go back further in the history than only to AD.
Much later new colonies were founded by Spain and Portugal based on the discovery of unknown countries like Brazil or South Asia.
Fortunately the mania of conquering more and more countries began to decline at the wake of the 19th century which led to the decolonization of many nations.
Before Great Britain is known as the most forceful colonial power in the 19th century whose colonies could be found all over the world. But it has not always been like that. Till the end of the Seven Years War in Spanish possessions in America, for example, were much more important with regard to their wealth and population Fieldhouse: Of course, Britain also had its colonies overseas.
In Oliver Cromwell captured Jamaica and dur ing the 17th and 18th century British people settled in thirteen colonized states of the American east coast. The first settlers are known as the Pilgrim Fathers who came to America for a free practising of religion because they had been persecuted at home.
Other people followed to escape the poverty in Britain and to try their luck in the goldmines of Virginia Hill: In all you can say that the American colonies were taken mainly for settlement - just as the ones in Australia, which were founded by Captain Cook during his voyage of exploration - 71 - but also for the exportation of raw materials like timber from Massachusetts.
Inafter the war, America declared its independence and Britain lost some of the early colonized territories.
Another important colony was Gibraltar which was the entrance to the Mediterranean Sea for Britain. Trade was the most common reason for the capture of new territories in the early times. Mostly it was the trade of things like food or raw materials but unfortunately it was also the trade of human beings - slaves.
The slave trade by the English started in the 16th century and continued growing till it was abolished in throughout the British Empire.
It is unbelievable that in the s about In conclution, the characteristic of the British colonial empire in the early years was the extension of the Motherland.
All the colonies used the same political system as Britain and the inhabitants became British citizens. But after the loss of the thirteen American colonies, after the capture of India, and especially during or after the new share out of the colonies between the beginning of the Seven Years War and the Conference of Vienna inthe British Empire became bigger and the variety of the colonies concerning the places as well the political systems brought up problems for Britain as you will see in the next chapter.
Some of them were self- or half self- governing states and others were completely governed by Britain. This shows one of the most important differences between the colonial policy before and afterwards. The colonies were no longer meaningful as sources of money but their significance lay in the demonstration of prestige Jennings: Anyhow, in the s the mood of the people changed.
The heretofore quite critical thought of the Empire changed to a positive one. Another reason for the sudden change of the public mood were writers that supported the idea of imperialism.
One of them was Rudyard Kipling who glorified the imperial reliability in his publications.Appointment in Samarra takes place during the last three days of Julian's life with flashbacks embedded in the plot to give the reader a deeper understanding of Julian's descent into madness.
One in W. Somerset Maugham’s “The Appointment in Samarra” (Kennedy 4) with the moral that you cannot escape death, and the other example in Vernon Jones’ “The North Wind and the Sun” (Kennedy 5), that persuasion is better than force.
The Analysis of Short Story "Mabel" by William Somerset Maugham Words Apr 7th, 5 Pages The story under consideration entitled Mabel was written by William Somerset Maugham. The Analysis of the Escape by W.S.
Maugham Essay Анализ "The Escape " by Somerset Maugham The story under the title “The Escape ” was written by one of the outstanding English writers – William Somerset Maugham.
Conclusion Based on the life of Paul Gauguin, “The Moon and Sixpence”is W. Somerset Maugham’sode to the powerful forces behind creative genius. Charles Strickland is a staid banker, a man of wealth and privilege. William Somerset Maugham (), English playwright and author wrote Of Human Bondage (); He did not know how wide a country, arid and precipitous, must be crossed before the traveller through life comes to an acceptance of reality.