Information technology and its impact on productivity 7 years ago Martin Follow IT-information technology is one of the fastest developing branches of technology. It has become an important part of our every-day lives and doing serious business has become impossible without using IT. IT is the area of managing technology and spans wide variety of areas that include but are not limited to things such as processes, computer software, information systems, computer hardware, programming languages, and data constructs. In short, anything that renders data, information or perceived knowledge in any visual format whatsoever, via any multimedia distribution mechanism, is considered part of the IT domain.
Information technology is the technology used to store, manipulate, distribute or create information. The type of information or data is not important to this definition.
The technology is any mechanism capable of processing this data . As it is widely known to perform a calculation of any type manually is very cumbersome and time consuming.
But if we could develop efficient programs written in many languages and Information technology its impact on them thoroughly tested for every function it is expected to perform before putting to use could save lot of efforts and time.
Also the chance of human errors that could occur when things are done manually could also be avoided provided the programs are developed keeping in mind the exact requirements that are sought after and developed properly to address the issues correctly without problems.
Information technology works based on these simple concepts. Electronic databases now can store huge volume of data which can be used very easily and internet can be accessed for any information on any field of activities.
Section one gives an introduction of the area. Section two presents the analyses of works done in the field. Section three presents the impacts of Information Technology on society so far and where it is heading to in future.
We put our concluding remarks in section four. Analyses of Works Done The influence of information technology on religious practices has mainly been to the effect of making information about them more accessible.
The most relevant question though is whether the developments in information technologies have influenced the continuity of social attitudes, customs or institutions.
Social attitudes have changed with the effect that citizens of a society now expect the various elements of that society to be better informed than previously.
They also expect to be able to access more information about a specific product, service or organisation so that they can make informed decisions with regard to their interactions with that entity . Advances in Database technology for example have enabled the governments of various countries to collate and monitor statistical information that they can use to combat fraud and manage the economy in a more informed way .
Information Technology also has a major impact on the defence capabilities of governments. Encryption of sensitive information has enabled governments to obtain added security. However attempting to decrypt information is also a major area of work for those employed by the government .
The advances in information technology have heavily influenced commercial businesses in several ways.
The most important role of information technology in a commercial business, however, is to provide a commercial advantage. Advances such as computer aided design, relational database technologies, spreadsheets, and word processing software all provide a commercial benefit to the business, as does automation of manufacturing processes .
The use of information technology to monitor a business performance can also enable the business to highlight areas where they are not making the most use of their resources. The use of information technologies can also increase the businesses income through advertising in the various available forums .
An infrastructure of computing and communication technology, providing hour access at low cost to almost any kind of price and product information desired by buyers, will reduce the information barriers to efficient market operation. This infrastructure might also provide the means for effecting real-time transactions and make intermediaries such as sales clerks, stock brokers and travel agents, whose function is to provide an essential information link between buyers and sellers redundant .
The information technologies have facilitated the evolution of enhanced mail order retailing, in which goods can be ordered quickly by using telephones or computer networks and then dispatched by suppliers through integrated transport companies that rely extensively on computers and communication technologies to control their operations .
The impact of information technology on the firms' cost structure can be best illustrated on the electronic commerce example. The key areas of cost reduction when carrying out a sale via electronic commerce rather than in a traditional store involve physical establishment, order placement and execution, customer support, staffing, inventory carrying, and distribution.
Although setting up and maintaining an e-commerce web site might be expensive, it is certainly less expensive to maintain such a storefront than a physical one because it is always open, can be accessed by millions around the globe, and has few variable costs, so that it can scale up to meet the demand.
By maintaining one 'store' instead of several, duplicate inventory costs are eliminated . Computers and communication technologies allow individuals to communicate with one another in ways complementary to traditional face-to-face, telephonic, and written modes.
They enable collaborative work involving distributed communities of actors who seldom, if ever, meet physically. These technologies utilize communication infrastructures that are both global and always up, thus enabling hour activity and asynchronous as well as synchronous interactions among individuals, groups, and organizations .
By reducing the fixed cost of employment, widespread telecommuting should make it easier for individuals to work on flexible schedules, to work part time, to share jobs, or to hold two or more jobs simultaneously. Since changing employers would not necessarily require changing one's place of residence, telecommuting should increase job mobility and speed career advancement.
This increased flexibility might also reduce job stress and increase job satisfaction . The rapid increase in computing and communications power has raised considerable concern about privacy both in the public and private sector.
Decreases in the cost of data storage and information processing make it likely that it will become practicable for both government and private data-mining enterprises to collect detailed dossiers on all citizens.
Nobody knows who currently collects data about individuals, how this data is used and shared or how this data might be misused.Information security, sometimes shortened to InfoSec, is the practice of preventing unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, inspection, recording or destruction of regardbouddhiste.com information or data may take any form, e.g.
electronic or physical. Information security's primary focus is the balanced protection of the . Information Technology - Its Impact on Global Management 11Irfan Ahmed, Akmal Shahzad Qadri, Rana Khurram Shahzad and Bashir Ahmed Khilji2 3 1Iqra University, 5, Khayaban-e-Johar, H-9, Islamabad, Pakistan 2Netsolace Information Technology (Pvt) Limited, Islamabad, Pakistan.
A collection of information resources designed to help enterprise IT professionals launch and advance their artificial intelligence, machine learning and automation initiatives. Technology impacts the environment, people and the society as a whole. The way we use technology determines if its impacts are positive to the society or negative.
For example, (POSITIVE IMPACT) we can use corn to make ethanol and this ethanol can be used as fuel. Fuel can be used to run machines and cars which will increase the output of. The Information Systems Division (intranet access only) is an online resource for the information technology needs of Medical Center faculty, staff, and students.
The Miner Library maintains e-mail accounts for all students affiliated with the Medical Center and provides access to its extensive. Information Technology: Its Impact on Undergraduate Education in Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology Report on an NSF Workshop National Science Foundation Directorate for Education and Human Resources Division of Undergraduate Education NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION.