Determinate and Indeterminate Sentencing Essay Determinate and Indeterminate Sentencing Essay Determinate and indeterminate sentences are similar in their goals but different in practice, and more important, they differ in their fundamental foundational ideologies.
Hire Writer Indeterminate sentence for this matter focuses on the last goal that is, rehabilitating the offender so that they may no longer commit the crime while determinate sentence is focused on deterring crimes.
MacKenzie, Much has changed in the philosophy and sentencing and correctional practices in the past thirty years. For the first few decades of the twentieth century, much emphasis was had on the purpose of rehabilitation in sentencing and corrections.
Eventually, it moved to a crime control paradigm and focused on deterring crimes and incapacitating the offenders. With indeterminate sentencing, the idea was individualization of sentences coupled with rehabilitation focusing on community treatment, diversion, reintegration, education and employment programs for the offenders.
The belief is that rehabilitation should be voluntary and not coerced. Thus, the birth of flat sentencing or determinate model of sentencing. Under this model, specific crimes would correspond to specific and clearly identified sentence length. Also, parole releases were eliminated and sentence lengths are determined specifically and not merely providing a broad minimum or maximum periods as established by guidelines.
But what are the implications of determinate sentencing and indeterminate sentencing on issues as recidivism, parole and probation, crime rates, and on the criminal justice system as a whole?
Probation and parole as a criminal sentence are offshoots of the indeterminate sentencing as brought about by reform movements in the criminal justice system during the early twentieth century.
Although both probation and parole involve the supervision of convicted criminals, these systems are distinct in themselves. Probation is ordered by a judge while parole is granted by a parole board. While probation is an alternative to prison, parole is an early release from prison.
Finally, probation is reserved for persons convicted of less serious offenses while parole is given to persons convicted of serious offenses http: In fine, both are aimed at rehabilitating the offender although each involves varying correctional programs.
Probation and parole rules may vary in different states. Inmates serving life sentences become eligible for parole after serving 13 years and four months. A judge may, however, set any parole eligibility date that is later than the statutorily-defined date or may impose a sentence of life without the possibility of parole for crimes punishable by life imprisonment.
The person is then placed on probation under the supervision of the Department of Corrections and the court may impose any reasonable and appropriate conditions on the probationer other than the rules and regulations that Corrections may also impose on the offender.
The period of probation may be made consecutive to a sentence on a different charge, whether imposed at the same time or previously but no consecutive probationary periods may be granted by the court.
Under this system, the court may even require that a probationer be confined in a county jail, Huber work release facility, work camp or tribal jail for up to one year during the term of probation as a condition of probation in addition to the possibility of requiring the probationer of performing community service work for a public agency or a nonprofit charitable organization.
Carmichael, Alarming in this system, however, is the increasing numbers of parolees and probationers in state prisons and corrections. At the end of alone, a total ofadult men and women were on parole for mandatory conditional release following a prison term.
The population grew by 1. These zooming figures amount to increased government spending and more stringent legal policies. Sentencing is also claimed to have certain impacts on recidivism. In a research paper on recidivism of sex offenders by Dr.
This however, was a likely conservative estimate and since only 0.Determinate vs. Indeterminate Sentencing Use the internet to search for sources/references.. Use Google Scholar, JSTOR and some law sites.
Those are not your sources, but search engines. Indeterminate sentence is defined as a “method that left sentencing to the discretion of the judge and allowed the judge to fashion a sentence according to the rehabilitative needs of the criminal defendant” On the other hand, determinate sentence refers to “confinement for a fixed or minimum period that is specified by statute”.
Determinate vs Indeterminate Sentencing Unit 2 Assignment: Determinate vs. Indeterminate Sentencing Until the s, most states provided inmates with a mechanism for early release at the discretion of a parole board under an indeterminate sentencing model.
Determinate vs Indeterminate Sentencing Essay Dissertation . DETERMINATE & INDETERMINATE SENTENCING Essays: Over , DETERMINATE & INDETERMINATE SENTENCING Essays, DETERMINATE & INDETERMINATE SENTENCING Term Papers, DETERMINATE & INDETERMINATE SENTENCING Research Paper, Book Reports.
ESSAYS, term and research papers available for UNLIMITED access. Indeterminate sentencing is based on the sentencing goal of rehabilitation, which is a type of penalty used to reform the offender and return the offender to society as a law-abiding citizen.
Determinate Vs. Indeterminate Sentence. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON. Determinate Vs. Indeterminate Sentence Determinate sentencing imposes fixed incarceration or term; however, a convicted criminal sentenced under the aforesaid rule can be released early as a result of congestion, or good time credits.
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