FM How to Apply a Chitosan Bandage Bleeding is the number one killer on the battle field and it is crucial that all military personnel know basic first aid to stop bleeding in a combat zone.
A dressing should be large enough to totally cover the wound, with a safety margin of about 2. A sterile dressing may be used to control bleeding from a major wound or to absorb any discharge from a minor wound.
Dressings vary greatly in nature and size, so it is important to select the correct dressing for use on a specific wound. A sterile dressing which is past its expiry date should NOT be used.
A bandage is used in combination with a dressing where a wound is present. A roller bandage is used to secure a dressing in place.
A triangular bandage is used as an arm sling or as a pad to control bleeding. It may also be used to support or immobilise an injury to a bone or joint or as improvised padding over a painful injury.
A tubular gauze bandage is used to retain a dressing on a finger or toe. Dressings Sterile wound dressings Wound dressings will be in a sterile packet, which should be opened carefully by a person with clean or gloved hands.
Then, to avoid contamination of the sterile dressing, it is not removed from the opened packet until the wound is ready to be covered. Dressings used to control bleeding must be bulky to ensure that adequate pressure is applied over the injured area.
Some major wound dressings are labelled as BPC or BP because they are listed in the British Pharmacopoeia and consist of a sterile combine dressing with attached bandage. Sterile gauze squares are used mainly for cleaning a wound.
Cotton wool should NOT be used because of loose cotton fibres that might stick to the wound during healing. Sterile non-adherent dressings Very light dressings are used on a minor wound to aid healing and most have a non-adherent surface.
A non-adherent dressing is often covered on one or both sides with a plastic film containing many perforations. If only one side has a plastic film, that is the side to be placed against the wound. This allows fluids to pass through into an absorbent layer, to keep the wound dry.
Other types of non-adherent dressing have a special synthetic coating on one or both sides to prevent adhesion to the wound surface.
The non-adherent layer is always placed against the wound. Non-adherent dressings are used for extensive surface wounds such as an abrasion graze or burn. Improvised dressings In an emergency a dressing may be improvised from a range of materials.
To control bleeding a bulky pad may be made from a bundle of several facial tissues or from any clean, non-fluffy material. For a minor burn or scald, a piece of clean plastic kitchen wrap may be used initially.
However, if the burn is serious, it is vital to use only sterile coverings to avoid the risk of infection. Cooling should be continued until a sterile dressing is available.
Bandages Roller bandages vary greatly depending on how they are to be used. A roller bandage is used to: Applying roller bandages A roller bandage needs to be chosen carefully to ensure that it is the correct width for the body part involved. As a general guide, the following widths are recommended: It is best to use a bandage with some degree of stretch in the weave.
This will make the bandage easy to use and more likely to stay in place for many hours. However, the correct application technique is essential to provide comfort and adequate support for the affected part.
Basic steps to successful use of a roller bandage: Bandage the part in the position of greatest comfort to the patient. Support the part adequately before starting to apply the bandage. Begin with a locking turn to hold the start of the bandage securely under each following turn.CRAVAT 'CRAVAT' is a 6 letter word starting with C and ending with T Crossword clues for 'CRAVAT'.
CRAVAT BANDAGE.—A triangular bandage can be folded into a strip for easy application during an emergency. When folded as shown in figure 3–18, the bandage is called a cravat.
To make a cravat bandage, bring the point of the triangular bandage to the middle of the base and continue to fold until a 2-inch width is obtained. Study First Aid flashcards from Brittany Corrine B. on StudyBlue. Which type of dressing is used for small cuts and abrasions and is a combination of a sterile dressing and a bandage?
adhesive strips. What type of dressing is made of large, thick absorbent sterile materials? When using a cravat bandage for an injured eye, cover. Triangular Bandages: Also known as a "cravat," a triangular bandage is a loose-weave cotton cloth that holds many uses in first aid, including wound care, slings, tourniquets and much more.
Elastic Bandages: These bandages utilize stretchable fabric that are designed to wrap around an injured body part. verb (used with object), craved, crav·ing.
to long for; want greatly; desire eagerly: to crave sweets; to crave affection. to require; need: a problem craving prompt attention. to ask earnestly for (something); beg for. to ask (a person) earnestly for something or to do something. A bandage is a piece of material used either to support a medical device such as a dressing or splint, or on its own to provide support to or to restrict the movement of a part of the regardbouddhiste.com used with a dressing, the dressing is applied directly on a wound, and a bandage used to hold the dressing in place.
Other bandages are used without dressings, such as elastic bandages that are used to.