Childhood and Adolescent Obesity Introduction Obesity is not exclusive to adults. Each day, more and more children are finding themselves at risk for overweight and obesity.
Obesity in Children and Adolescents Introduction Obesity is a serious health issue that affects many people in the world. Many measures have been put in place to ensure that cases of obesity are reduced significantly. Obesity among the young people has become a devastating issue threatening the effectiveness of the health sector.
Obesity is a health condition in people who suffer from excess weight. Overweight refers to the condition of having excess body weight for a particular height from muscle, fat, water, bone, or an amalgamation of these factors.
The term obesity then comes in to refer to having excess body fat. The calories are dependent on various behavioral, genetic, and environmental factors. Obesity progresses to be a growing public health challenge. According to the National Nutrition and Health examination Survey, seventeen per cent of individuals of the age between two and nineteen years are overweight Brent, The number of obese adolescents and children has tripled in the past twenty years.
Obesity in adults may lead to serious cardiovascular complications due to excessive cholesterol in the heart. These factors include hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia. Need custom written paper? We'll write an from scratch according to your instructions! There is a significant increase in the number of obese adolescents because of their lifestyle and eating habits.
Obesity among the young people has become a devastating issue, threatening the effectiveness of the health sector. Obesity is a health condition that affects individuals with excess weight. According to World Health Organization, most obese adolescents develop health complications that are typical of the elderly people.
These complications include diabetes, hypertension, metabolic syndrome, and hyperlipidemia. The Preventive Services Task Force of the United States has not found significant evidence to support screening of children for obesity or even other cardiovascular risk factors.
The American Heart association and the American academy of Pediatrics have adopted a more aggressive stance, focused largely on consensus opinion Van Der Horst et al. The present suggestions entail focusing on children whose body mass indexes exceed the 85th percentile; in other words, those who are rapidly gaining weight.
The suggestions also entail focusing on children and adolescents who have a family history of type 2-diabetes or hypercholesterolemia; or those who have hypertension or signs of insulin resistance. The associations further encourage physician advocacy for healthy communities and institutions that foster physical activity, healthy lifestyles, and good eating habits.
Obesity in adolescence and childhood is associated with severe medical problems such as high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, and adverse lipoprotein profiles. Other problems include coronary heart disease, atherosclerotic cerebrovascular disease, colorectal cancer, poverty, and lower educational attainment.
The prevalence of obesity has risen more sharply among children and adolescents Hedley et al. Unfortunately, successful treatments for obesity have been elusive.
For adolescents and children, the current treatment of choice only yields a ten percent reduction in body weight. The current treatment for adolescent is management of the weight by exercise or by diet modification; the children are also denied an opportunity to be idle by doing several chores that make their body active.
However, virtually all the patients regain the lost weight within a few years of treatment Van Der Horst et al. It is true that only about ten percent of obese adolescents and children seek treatment to achieve weight loss.
Accordingly, extra effort has been directed to evaluating and developing obesity prevention program.
The main objective attached to this effort is that the strategy will curb this insidious public health problem more efficiently. Several studies have evaluated four main types of interventions programs that were expected to result in weight gain prevention.
Intervention Measures Medical Treatment One of the common methods of managing obesity is through medical treatment. Various medicines are available to help in reducing excess fat in the body. One of the medicines is Orlistat that helps in reducing weight.
The medicine is effective within the first 6 months, after which a patient must use other methods such as exercising and healthy eating. Another medicine that helps to reduce excess weight is Lorcaserin Hydrochloride.
The medicine helps to burn excess fat from the body. The medicines are very effective but there are some critics who point out that the medicine could have negative impacts Van Der Horst et al. Parental Involvement Parents play a major role in facilitating obesity among the adolescents. There have been suggestions that parental engagement results in more favorable outcomes in obesity prevention, especially for adolescents and children.Essay on Childhood and Adolescent Obesity - Introduction A very good indicator for the health of the nation is the national epidemic of childhood and adolescent obesity, currently a target objective for Healthy people (DHHS).
Introduction A very good indicator for the health of the nation is the national epidemic of childhood and adolescent obesity, currently a target objective for Healthy people (DHHS). Obesity: An American Epidemic Essay - The last decade has welcomed, with open arms, a new epidemic: obesity.
Currently in the United States, more than one-third of adults, %, and approximately 17% of children and adolescents are obese. Free Essay: Introduction A very good indicator for the health of the nation is the national epidemic of childhood and adolescent obesity, currently a target.
Childhood obesity is a major concern for parents, teachers, and the medical community with differing philosophies and theories on causes and prevention. Inactivity, genetics, technology and parenting attitudes and beliefs are factors which contribute to childhood obesity.
Childhood obesity has reached epidemic levels in developed as well as in developing countries. Overweight and obesity in childhood are known to have significant impact on both physical and psychological health.
Overweight and obese children are likely .